Type In The Box Below To Find Any Agricultural Topics And Guides.

Basic Knowledge of Management Functions in Agriculture

Management Functions – Basically, the management functions include planning, implementation and control. These are usually considered to be the three primary functions of management.

(a) Planning

Planning function contains a number of steps including the identification and definition of the problem, acquiring the initial information an; identifying alternative solutions. It is developing the alternative ways <r doing things e.g. If we select a goal of rice production, we have to think c~ sources of capital, sources and type of seeds, method of production method of processing, storage and distribution.

Planning is a continual process as new problems and opportunities arise and as new information becomes available from outside or within the system The programs in planning have to be dove-trailed i.e. synchronized.

(b) Implementation

Once the planning process is completed, the best alternative must be selected and action taken to place the plan into operation. Implementation may not occur quickly and can require the organizing, coordinating directing, and supervising of the necessary personnel, land, labour and capital over a period of time.

(c) Control

The control function provides for observing the results of the implemented plan to see if the specified goals and objectives are being met. Many things can cause a plan to go “off its track”. Errors are common among decision makers. No matter how good the plan is, there must be some error. Control means, knowing where you are, where you are going, when you should be there, where you are now, and changing direction if you are off course or moving faster or slower.  For example, if you target to get 2 tons per ha, but after planting there is only 50% germination, you have to replant so as to get your target of 2 tons. This is taking effective control measure at the right time and a good control measure involves knowing what to do. The more complex the farm is, the harder it is to take control. It is not possible to control every segment of a business. We have to control the key areas that contribute to the day-to-day running of the business.

Effective control entails:

(i) An accurate record-keeping system and the ability to use it.

(ii) Key areas are to be defined when the plan is being made.

(iii) Performance standards should be kept for the key areas,
(iv) Execute the plan and measure the result.

(v) Compare the results with present standards
(vi) Take corrective actions
Effective control tools include:

(a) Budgets
(b) Progress charts
(c) Personnel records
(d) Quarterly reports
(e) Financial records
(f) Persona! observations.
(g) Production records
Methods used in control include:

(1) Control by exception
(2) Control by sampling

Control by Exception: Here the staff only report exceptional cases or eve that are significant e.g. Reporting two chicks that die in every 100 chicks.

Control by Sampling: This control technique involves doing on-the-spot checks i.e. subjecting the suspected area of low performance to on-the-spot observation.

Start and Run a Gardening Business With Little Capital

Start and Run a Gardening Business With Little Capital

Do you wish to work for yourself and enjoy the outdoors, starting a landscape gardening business can be a great choice for you? Below we shall be showing you how you Start and Run a Gardening Business With Little Capital. Start and Run a Gardening Business To become a...


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Most Read Articles Today:

List of Pig Feed Ingredients

When it comes to the rearing of animals like Pig, you should know that sourcing their feed ingredients should be the first thing to consider and a farmer.  And as a pig farmer, you have to always work with measurements because pigs are never satisfied, yet they grow...

Primary Requirements In Poultry Farming

For Poultry farming to be highly effective we needed to adopt the Primary Requirements In Poultry Farming. Which makes it work for long. This page has covered all that. In practicing poultry farming business, consideration should be made for the planning stage:  ...

Rabbit Farming: Required Facilities for Rabbit Farming

Rabbit Farming: Required Facilities for Rabbit Farming

Rabbit Farming is one of the cheapest among livestock farm which any one can start with. since Rabbit meat needs no overemphasized introduction and over-imposed marketing. Rabbit meat is the meat choice in a lot of homes, and even at joints, Restaurants and so on. The...